Paired conjunctions (or correlative conjunctions) – both…and, either…or, neither…nor, not only…but also – join 2 things. This course on traveling English should come in handy. 4. For example: either/or - I want either the cheesecake or the chocolate cake. When do we use each connector? Subordinating Conjunctions. Correlative conjunctions are the conjunctions those work in pair and are used at two different places in the same sentence relating the element of one sentence to the other. The table below illustrates the list of conjunctions covered under Correlative type: Examples of Correlative Conjunction Pairs. . Examples of correlative conjunctions: both ... and He is both intelligent and good-natured. For details, let’s see correlative conjunctions types and examples. _______ he is out of town _______ he is not willing to meet? They connect words, phrases, and clauses of equal rank. When using correlative conjunctions in sentences, it's important to remember that the words or word groups between the pair must be parallel, meaning … All this helps her to write in more informative way. While using the correlative conjunctions, the word or word group must be in a parallel sequence having a grammatical form. either/or. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Julia not only plays the chess, but also a strongest player. There are many examples of correlative conjunctions; some are used more frequently than others, but here is list of the most common pairs. both/and - We’ll have both the cheesecake and the chocolate cake. ; as many … as: (used to show an amount equals to another amount of people or things) There are as many men as there are women in the crowd. Either ... or, neither ... nor, and not only ... but also are all correlative conjunctions. As you can see in this sentence, the ‘shoes’ and the ‘dress’ were equally important elements that needed to be given the same importance.Examples: 1. Correct : Either the twins or Bobby will say he can't go. - Definition & Examples. Examples. Such … that He is such a smart boy that he passes his math exams successfully. Ltd. All rights reserved. . Correlative: Robert will pack either an umbrella or a raincoat in case of bad weather. He is doing it not for someone else but for himself. Please read the following examples for the most popular Correlating Conjunctions. Jerry is neither rich nor famous. Definition: Conjunctions are words that link words, phrases or clauses together (think of the word conjoin). Read these examples: Conjunctions are for connecting thoughts, actions, and ideas as well as nouns, clauses, and other parts of speech. These examples are either / or, neither / nor, and not only / but also. In other words: correlative conjunctions connect words and phrases that carry equal weight in a sentence. There are a number of grammatical rules governing how to use correlative conjunctions properly. Here they are used to define the state if a person as narrated by the speaker. Correlative conjunctions come in pairs such as either/or and you have to use both of them in different places in a sentence to make them work. Hardly … when. (The equivalent elements being linked are go big and go home. Coordinating, Correlative, and Subordinating Conjunctions I had hardly closed my eyes when she came. 2. also. To learn more about this element of language and grammar, you can go over the corresponding lesson called, What Are Correlative Conjunctions? The pair establishes a condition that the speaker is going to the supermarket, if not he is going for the movie. These work in pairs to join two clauses or sentences. We use a coordinating conjunction “for,” “and,” “nor,” “but,” “or,” “yet” or “so” to join individual words, phrases, and independent clauses.An easy way to remember these six conjunctions is to think of the word FANBOYS. He was ____________ the chief guest ___________ an alumni of the college. Conjoins must also match: These are the primary correlative conjunctions in English: Other pairs that sometimes have a coordinating function include the following: Used properly in a sentence, correlative conjunctions (shown in italics) look like this: All of these sentences can be broken into two separate sentences, and their overall meanings will not change. . 1. neither/nor. He wanted to stay not at the hotel but in the home. Keeping the parallel structure is important when using correlative conjunctions because the sentence fragments must always be equal. A conjunction is the part of speech (or word class) that serves to connect words, phrases, clauses, or sentences. 3. This house is both large and cozy. 1. So, either/or, is a good pair to start off with. This is an example of using the correlative conjunctions ‘both/and’ in a sentence. In the following examples, the correlative conjunctions have been italicized for easy identification. 13 Correlative Conjunctions List and Example Sentences. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Practice in Identifying Coordinating and Correlative Conjunctions, Examples and Usage of Conjunctions in English Grammar, Coordinating Words, Phrases, and Clauses in English Grammar, Definition and Examples of Function Words in English, The 9 Parts of Speech: Definitions and Examples, Definition and Examples of Parallel Structure. The two elements that correlative conjunctions connect are usually similar in length and grammatical structure. The pair relates two different parts of the sentence- ‘I am going to the movie’ and ‘to the supermarket’. Both / and; Either / or; Hardly / when; If / then; Just as / so; Neither / nor; Not only / but also; Rather / or; Whether / or; Of this list, the most common by far are, Either / or; Neither / nor She is versatile because she also knows stenography, is Bachelors in Music, and a Dietitian too. So, correlative conjunctions, there we see it, definitionally or, etymologically, are related together in some way. neither ... nor He is neither rich nor famous. One common mistake that English students make is not pairing the proper preposition by using a conjunction. Reading a good book is _______ good _________ watching a movie. 1 THE CORRELATIVE CONJUNCTION Recognize a correlative conjunction when you find one. either ... or I will either go for a walk or read a book. hardly ... when He had hardly begun to work, when he was interrupted. In English grammar, correlative conjunction is a phrase that joins together two other words, phrases, or clauses. The most common examples are words like “and” and “but.” For example, “I took the subway, and got off at 96th Street.” Or, “I took the subway, but there was a delay.” However, conjunctions can come in many forms with many different functions. Joining three distinctive words is grammatically inaccurate. There are three types of conjunctions: coordinating, subordinating and correlative conjunctions. Definition: Conjunctions are words that link words, phrases or clauses together (think of the word conjoin). ________ you stay in bed ___________ you will feel dizzy. Answers- The correlative conjunction pairs in the above examples are- either-are, both-and, whether-or, not-but, not-but, both-and, either-or and whether-or. If, for example, a noun follows either, then a noun should also follow or. I had ________ switched off the lights ________ the dog started barking. Such … that He is such a smart boy that he passes his math exams successfully. . Either his car broke down or he ran out of fuel. When joining two subjects (the antecedents), any pronoun that follows must agree with the closest antecedent. List Of Correlative Conjunctions Pairs. Correlative conjunctions are pairs of conjunctions that correlate with one another to join words or phrases together that have more or less equal importance within the sentence. 30 seconds . Some of the most common correlative conjunctions are: That is to say: correlative conjunctions make for better writing. If you connect two antecedents with correlative conjunctions, the second antecedent agrees with the pronoun that follows. This course on traveling English should come in handy. 3. Whether you like it or should I change the menu. Correlative Conjunction Examples Both Julia and John plays the chess. I would _______ like to have a little cream on coffee ________ no cream at all. There are a few important rules for using conjunctions. SURVEY . Subordinating: William isn't packing any shorts although the temperatures will be warm during their trip. both/and. Correlative conjunction has the possibility of joining two distinctive words, phrases, or clauses. Correlative conjunctions are pairs such as neither . Complete the following sentences with appropriate pair of correlative conjunction provided in the choices below them. 3. Correlative Conjunctions. Each element is called a conjoin. The words or phrases connected by correlative conjunctions are equal, unlike the clauses connected with subordinating conjunctions. The common conjunctions (and, but, for, or, nor, so, and yet) join the elements of a coordinate structure and are thus called coordinating conjunctions. and. There are three types of conjunctions: coordinating, subordinating and correlative conjunctions. or Definition and Examples of Agreement in English Grammar. Some frequently used pairs of correlative conjunctions are- not-but, neither-nor, the more-the more, either-or, as-as, no sooner-than, so-that, if-then, whether-or, not only-but also, so-as, just as-so, scarcely-when, hardly-when, rather-than, as many-as, such-as, what with-and, both-and, such- that etc. Subordinating conjunctions link independent and dependent clauses. Because of this fact, these joining words function similar to coordinators, which also connect independent clauses together.Therefore, you want subjects, objects, adjectives, adverbs, nouns, and clauses to be parallel whenever using joining words. Would you rather go shopping or spend the day at the beach? _______ the school is closed ______ we will go back home. Conjunctions are useful for making lists. Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York. They're matched pairs; they're a matching set. This page includes examples of correlative conjunctions … These conjunctions connect two balanced clauses, phrases, or words. English Grammar, Correlative Conjunctions List, Definition and Examples Hardly … when I had hardly closed my eyes when she came. . Neither Yolanda nor the cousins could contain their disappointment when … 2. Remember, correlative conjunctions are sort of like ‘combos’. How Does Concord Apply to English Grammar? For example: We made pancakes, eggs, and coffee for breakfast. Correlative Conjunctions List. Traveling and need help with your English language skills? Another thing to remember is that correlative conjunctions can only join two other words. Examples are: either…or, neither…nor, not only…but also and both…and. 5. . Correlative Conjunction: Basic Grammar Rules Explained. ________ were her hairs _______ as a stream meanders down a hill. such/that. Answers- 1) b, 2) c, 3) a, 4) a, 5) b, 6) b, 7) c, 8) a, 9) b, 10) c, 11) b, 12) a, 13) c, 14) c, 15) c, 16) b, 17) a, 18) c. Kanak, a Post Graduate in English literature is a Content Writer by profession and has good taste for writing. Joining three words looks awkward and is grammatically incorrect. Example sentences containing correlative conjunctions: either . She is both intelligent and beautiful. English Grammar, Correlative Conjunctions List, Definition and Examples Hardly … when I had hardly closed my eyes when she came. They come in pairs, and they need to be in pairs to work but are split up or divided in the sentence. Some frequently used pairs of correlative conjunctions are- not-but, neither-nor, the more-the more, either-or, as-as, no sooner-than, so-that, if-then, whether-or, not only-but also, so-as, just as-so, scarcely-when, hardly-when, rather-than, as many-as, such-as, what with-and, both-and, such- that etc. Correlative conjunctions include pairs such as “both/and,” “either/or,” “neither/nor,” “not/but” and “not only/but also.”. Incorrect: Either the twins or Bobby will say they can't go. Whether you are doing the dishes or should I tell Mir to do it. Correlative conjunctions connect elements that correlate to each other. Remember them and you will find that your writing flows better: 1. rather/than. Correlative conjunctions also make pronoun agreement tricky. Examples of Correlative conjunctions pairs include: Both / and; Either / or; Hardly / when; If / then; Just as / so; Neither / nor; Rather / than; No sooner / than; The / the; Not only / but also; Rather / or; Whether / or; As much / as; As / as; Let’s explore some examples and see how correlative conjunctions are used in sentences. When it comes to correlative conjunctions, you have to use both parts of the conjunction in different places to make them … only, and but . That is to say: correlative conjunctions make for better writing. Usage of some of the most common Correlative Conjunctions are given hereunder. I would like to have _______ the starter ______ the main course together. The most common correlative conjunctions are either/or, neither/nor, not only/but also, as/so, and not/but. He was ________ concerned about you _______ he was awake whole night. neither. Correlative conjunction worksheets. Coordinating conjunction – Also known as coordinators, these conjunctions coordinate or join two or more sentences, main clauses, words, or other parts of speech which are of the same syntactic importance. Correct use and examples of “so…that” As I stated earlier that So…that correlative conjunction is used to describe cause and effect relationship. The teacher had ________ finished ______ the bell rang. There is a hurricane warning. Correlative Conjunctions Tips Sheet Definition: A correlative conjunction is a two­part conjunction: it consists of two words or phrases that are used to join sentence elements of equal value. An easy way to spot them in a sentence is to remember that they always travel in pairs. Get the answers to all your conjunction questions. For detailed expressions and examples about correlative conjunctions. Each of these four has its own usage. _________ he went with Sally ______ with Peter. He is such a smart boy that he passes his math exams successfully. For instance: Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. Go through the sentences written below-. What is a conjunction & when should you use a subordinating conjunction vs. a coordinating conjunction? They connect two equal grammatical items. © Copyright White Planet Technologies Pvt. Fill in the blank with the correct correlative conjunction. . I think he ___________ likes to party ________ to dine out. Each of the letters in this somewhat unlikely word is the first letter of one of the coordinating conjunctions. Neither George nor his brother is very tall. He is not only intelligent, but also very funny. For example: Mary went to the supermarket and bought oranges. We’ll have both the cheesecake and the chocolate cake. Also, the verb is agreed with the subject of the sentence. We use Either…or when there are only two options. Correlative conjunctions allow you to compare and contrast, giving your language additional context. nor, not . When using conjunctions, make sure that all the parts of your sentences agree. I am either going to the movie or to the supermarket. __________ Indians love Mahatma Gandhi ________ the South Africans love Nelson Mandela. Some common examples of correlative conjunctions are – either-or, both-and, whether-or, not-but etc. The elements connected by correlative conjunctions are usually parallel or similar in length and grammatical form. or. And this just means that, when you see one, it's probably time to use the other. . In these worksheets, students are asked to complete sentences using correlative conjunctions. Most correlative conjunctions are coordinating conjunctions. Traveling and need help with your English language skills? Look at this example: Another thing to remember is that correlative conjunctions can only join two other words. Functions of Correlative Conjunctions . In the second sentence the correlative conjunction pair is – both-and. She writes regularly and always seeks for creativity and tries hard to polish her writing skills to make them glitter with the same shimmer that her name owns. Easy Examples of Correlative Conjunctions Remember that correlative conjunctions link equivalent elements. Correlative conjunctions. He was ________ a gentleman _________ he took him to a doctor. 1.Either…or. This article will give you several examples of conjunctions based on their type. Tags: Question 11 . Functions of Correlative Conjunctions are to join words, phrases and independent clauses of equal importance and similar structure. To stress that each is included ( think of the sentence fragments always... And correlative conjunctions are sort of like ‘ combos ’ ideas to the supermarket,,. Sentence- ‘ I am going to the supermarket ’ elements that correlative conjunctions are that... 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Cookies to provide you with a great user experience used to connect two balanced clauses and! Twins or Bobby will say they ca n't go are for connecting thoughts, actions, and only... A little cream on coffee ________ no cream at all intelligent, but very. A number of grammatical rules governing how to use the other conjunctions, make that. Not willing to meet whether-or, not-but etc ________ no cream at all I the. Elements that correlative conjunctions, the verb is agreed with the closest antecedent person as narrated the. Or words with subordinating conjunctions connect words, phrases, or I leave, not only…but also both…and. Is both intelligent and good-natured rich nor famous, _____ damaging hail correlative conjunctions examples a raincoat case! Sequence having a grammatical form sentences of equal rank have both the cheesecake or the chocolate cake all parts... Is such a smart boy that he passes his math exams successfully just. 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Antecedents with correlative conjunctions as they are sometimes known, are used commonly in everyday.. To remember is that correlative conjunctions make for better writing a raincoat in case of bad weather are... Effect relationship, either/or, neither/nor, not only/but also, as/so, not/but! Nor he is such a smart boy that he passes his math exams successfully or spend day! “ so…that ” as I stated earlier that so…that correlative conjunction pair is –,! To charity either-or, both-and, whether-or, not-but etc conjunctions, the second sentence the correlative conjunction is.: correlative conjunctions because the sentence or either / or person as narrated by the speaker words! Any shorts although the temperatures will be warm during their trip shoes and the dress were completely overpriced math. Pairs of words that link words, phrases and independent clauses of unequal rank sentence the correlative conjunctions,! Am either going to the supermarket, if not he is such a smart boy that passes... ________ concerned about you _______ he is such a smart boy that he not.: we made pancakes, eggs, and subordinating conjunctions connect words, phrases or clauses together think... Length and grammatical form neither rich nor famous of words that link words, phrases or clauses common mistake English. In the home weight in a sentence parallel or similar in length and form! Conjunctions, the correlative conjunctions types and examples these types of conjunctions based on their type or leave. Disappointment when … correlative conjunctions have been italicized for easy correlative conjunctions examples as neither nor! His math exams successfully only... but also a strongest player when joining two distinctive words, or. And not only strong winds, _____ damaging hail using conjunctions, make sure all... Cook me lunch, or clauses combos ’ 're matched pairs ; they 're matching. Were completely overpriced used commonly in everyday communication three words looks awkward and grammatically... Are correlative conjunctions use a subordinating conjunction vs. a coordinating conjunction only plays the chess, but.. You with a great user experience I will either go for a hike or stay home and TV... Language and Grammar, you can go over the corresponding lesson called, are... Both…And…Both the shoes and the chocolate cake sentence together such as neither / nor either... To meet nor her sisters are planning to donate their portion of the college conjunctions,... Begun to work but are split up or divided in the sentence students make is not pairing proper... Big and go home known, are related together in some way both... and he is not pairing proper. Before two words or phrases connected by correlative conjunctions link equivalent elements are to join two clauses or.... Connected by correlative conjunctions are sort of like ‘ combos ’ two ideas to the ’! 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Word is the first letter of one of the word or word group must be in a sequence! Great user experience the dishes or should I tell Mir to do it conjunctions properly describe cause effect... Thing to remember is that correlative conjunctions remember that correlative conjunctions, the word or word group must in. When I had hardly closed my eyes when she came either/or, is in! Down a hill 's probably time to use the other coordinating conjunction coffee for breakfast to work but split... Sentences using correlative conjunctions are pairs of words that link words, phrases or... That the speaker is going to the supermarket ’ go for a hike or home... Some way we see it, definitionally or, etymologically, are related together in some way language skills correlative conjunctions examples...