Eleusine indica (Linnaeus) Gaertner is a traditional herb known to be depurative, febrifuge, and diuretic and has been reported with the highest inhibitory activity against porcine pancreatic lipase (PPL) among thirty two plants screened in an earlier study. Eleusine indica is annual weeds and was reported herbicides-resistant on oil palm plantations. Spikelets overhanging on the underside of the rachis. Journal of Integrative Agriculture 2015, 14(9): 1778–1785 RESEARCH ARTICLE Available online at www.sciencedirect.com ScienceDirect Goosegrass (Eleusine indica) density effects on cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) MA Xiao-yan1, WU Han-wen2, JIANG Wei-li1, MA Ya-jie1, MA Yan1 1 State Key Laboratory of Cotton Biology, Institute of Cotton Research, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, … Introduction. Chauhan, BS, Johnson, DE (2008) Germination ecology of goosegrass (Eleusine indica): an important grass weed of rainfed rice. The aim of this study was to evaluate resistance levels and possible target site resistance mechanisms of an E. indica biotype (19-1) collected from a plant nursery in Southern Italy where poor glyphosate efficacy was reported. In this research, the mechanisms governing three goosegrass biotypes (Ein-Or from an orange grove, and Ein-Pl1 and Ein-Pl2 from Persian lime groves) with suspected resistance to glyphosate were characterized and … Pharmacogn J. Pharmacognosy Journal 0975-3575 Phcog.Net India Pharmacogn J-10-25 10.5530/pj.2018.1.5 Original Article Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibition of Fractions from Eleusine indica Leaf Extracts Tutor Jasmin T Chichioco-Hernandez Christine L * Institute of Chemistry, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City-1101, PHILIPPINES. control has sometimes failed. is a widely distributed weed of many agricultural systems.Goosegrass tolerates low soil oxygen 1 and is particularly problematic in turfgrass systems, often found on golf courses and sports fields in soils subjected to compaction from foot or vehicular traffic. Toggle navigation. Horticulture Department, Box 340375, Poole Agriculture Building, Clemson University. Polyscias fulva, Harms, is used in traditional medicine to fight against venereal infections and against dermatoses , . In a pot experiment, two fungal strains namely Aspergillus fumigatus and Penicillium citrinum were evaluated for their herbicidal properties on the biomass of Eleusine indica using the biomass reduction method. Two biotypes have been characterized, a highly resistant (R) biotype and an intermedia … coracana, (finger millet), which is an important subsistence crop in Africa and India. The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) online available overall suite of online resources can be accessed for biological information the data, including the PubMed database and additional NCBI resources, focus on literature, health, genomes, genes, proteins, and chemicals. Temperature effects on Eleusine indica and Setana anceps grown in association (I) Temperature effects on Eleusine indica and Setana anceps grown in association (I) HAWTON, D. 1979-10-01 00:00:00 D. H A WT O N Queensland Depart tnetu of Primary Industries. have been detected in Asia, the Americas but not in Europe. Glyphosate-resistant biotypes of Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. is a troublesome weed in turfgrass systems throughout the world.The development of herbicide resistant ecotypes has occurred to multiple modes of action. Gaertn.) Due to its high fecundity and a wide tolerance to various environmental factors, goosegrass is listed as one of the five most noxious weeds in the world and has been reported to be a problem weed for 46 different Abstract: Solvent fractions and decoction of Eleusine indica leaves were tested for their ability to inhibit angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), an important component of the Renin-Angiotensin- Aldosterone System which is a critical regulator of arterial blood pressure. Goosegrass (Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.) Eleusine indica L. (Gaertn), commonly known as goosegrass, is a monocot weed belonging to the Poaceae family [1]. E. indica has been considered not only an important weed but also a possible donor of the sub‐genome A of the three allotetraploid species in the genus Eleusine, E. africana (2n = 4x = 36), E. coracana (2n = 4x = 36), and E. kigeziensis (2n = 4x = 36 or 38) (Hilu, 1988; Bisht and Mukai, 2001, 2002; Agrawal et al., 2014). Eleusine indica weed is having to grow very fast on full sunlight intensity and classified C4 plants [1]. The repeated use of dinitroaniline herbicides on the cotton and soybean fields of the southern United States has resulted in the appearance of resistant biotypes of one of the world's worst weeds, Eleusine indica. Reporting service articles about Eleusine indica (ELEIN) EPPO Global Database. Researchers at the University of Yaounde in Cameroon investigated the preventive effects of Eleusine indica (Indian goosegrass) against L-NAME-induced kidney damage in rats. Eleusine is a small grass genus with three basic chromosome numbers (x=8, 9 and 10) and comprises of eight species including E. coracana subsp. is a widespread annual grass in temperate and tropical regions and is considered as one of the world's worst weeds (Holm et al., 1977).In China, this weed is widespread in orchards, vegetable gardens, tea plantations and general field crops, such as corn (Zea mays L.), soybean (Glycine max (Linn.) Color is assigned based on function and hypothetical proteins are marked “eleind.” The inner circle shows GC … Genes marked on the outside of the circle run counterclockwise, genes marked on the inside run clockwise. A dinitroaniline-resistant (R) biotype of Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertner. Abstract. The article review was aimed to examine the mechanism of Eleusine indica weed in the phytoremediation of several heavy metals. "Eleusine" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings).Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure, which enables searching at various levels of specificity. Eleusine indica is a typical xerophytic weed species with a cosmopolitan distribution. P.O. Crowsfoot, as its name suggests, has a spiked flower with a similar appearance to that of a crows foot. Eleusine indica is a useful medicinal plant that is widely distributed in the tropical and tropical regions of Africa, Asia, and South America. Genetic Basis of Dinitroaniline Herbicide Resistance in a Highly Resistant Biotype of Goosegrass (Eleusine indica) L. Zeng. Eleusine indica is annual weeds and was reported herbicides-resistant on oil palm plantations. Register. Due to rice cropping-pattern changes, E indica has become one of the main dominant grass weeds infecting direct-seeding paddy fields. ), an annual-C 4 summer grass plant, is one of the world’s worst weeds.It comes from Africa and is widely spread over tropical, subtropical regions and temperate regions of the world 1, 2.Goosegrass is a problematic weed mainly on lawns, in annual crops and in fruit orchards 3, 4.In Mexico, goosegrass is widespread in 25 states 5. advanced search... Login. Title year-month; 2014/175: First reports of alien plants in Algeria: 2014-09: 2012/248: The alien and invasive flora of Greece: 2012-11: IPNI nomenclature info for Eleusine indica Nomenclatural information about Eleusine indica is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI). Corresponding Editor: Thomas Mitchell-Olds It is invasive and highly adaptable to diverse habitats and crops. Eleusine indica is annual weeds and was reported herbicides-resistant on oil palm plantations. The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) online available overall suite of online resources can be accessed for biological information the data, including the PubMed database and additional NCBI resources, focus on literature, health, genomes, genes, proteins, and chemicals. Introduction. Flower colour; life form. A field research was conducted to assess abundance and distribution of species in relation to soil properties in Sedge-dominated Habitats in Uyo Metropolis, … The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Eleusine indica, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world. Goosegrass (Eleusine indica L. (goosegrass) is demonstrated to be cross-resistant to a structurally non-related herbicide, amiprophosmethyl, and supersensitive to two other classes of compounds which disrupt mitosis. —Map of circularized Eleusine indica mitochondrial genome. Introduction: Weeds have been reported to be disadvantage in agriculture, however the advantage in the environment.The report of Eleusine indica weed as phytoremediation of heavy metals in ex-mining land is still relatively few. Go! Clemson, SC 29634-0375. Each spike approximately 4-15 cm long. Goosegrass (Eleusine indica L. Distinguishing features. Crowsfoot (Eleusine Indica) Crowsfoot is known by many names, but one of the most common it goes by here in Australia is Crabgrass. Eleusine indica extract with LC 50 value of 76.3 μg/mL had the highest cytotoxicity amongst the plant extracts. Common name(s) Crowsfoot Grass. Eleusine indica was evaluate for hepatoprotective effects and its mechanism of action was studied . Here, we investigated the mechanism of EPSPS resistance to glyphosate in mutants of two weed species, Conyza sumatrensis (mutant, P106T) and Eleusine indica (mutant, T102I/P106S), both of which have an economic impact on industrial crops. Gaertn.) Num. Inflorescence with spikes digitate to subdigitate, usually 2-10. Weed Sci 56 : 699 – 706 Chuah , TS , Low , VL , Cha , TS , Ismail , BS ( 2010 ) Initial report of glufosinate and paraquat multiple resistances evolved in a biotype of goosegrass ( Eleusine indica [L.] Gaertn.) This study aims to isolate and identify the active components that may possess high potential as an antiobesity agent. They reported their findings in an article published in The Journal of Phytopharmacology. Goosegrass is a prolific seed producer (~50,000 per plant), fast growing and diverse weed. Eleusine indica. Reporting Service articles. Glyphosate-Resistant Goosegrass (Eleusine indica) Confirmed in Tennessee - Volume 59 Issue 4 - Thomas C. Mueller, Kelly A. Barnett, James T. Brosnan, Lawrence E. Steckel E. indica is used in Cameroonian folk medicine to treat various illnesses, not least of which are renal problems. Grass, tufted from 15-100 cm tall. Goosegrass (Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. 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